Virtual Library

Our virtual library is an online repository of all of the reports, papers, and briefings that IST has produced, as well as works that have influenced our thinking.

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Reports

A Lifecycle Approach to AI Risk Reduction: Tackling the Risk of Malicious Use Amid Implications of Openness

Louie Kangeter

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Memo

Testimony: Red Alert: Countering the Cyberthreat from China

Steve Kelly

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Reports

Ransomware Task Force: Doubling Down

Ransomware Task Force

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Reports

Information Sharing in the Ransomware Payment Ecosystem: Exploring the Delta Between Best Practices and Existing Mechanisms

Zoë Brammer

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Memo

Testimony: Held for Ransom: How Ransomware Endangers Our Financial System

Megan Stifel

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Memo

Roadmap to Potential Prohibition of Ransomware Payments

Ransomware Task Force Co-Chairs

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Reports

Unlocking U.S. Technological Competitiveness: Evaluating Initial Solutions to Public-Private Misalignments

Ben Purser, Pavneet Singh

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We also welcome additional suggestions from readers, and will consider adding further resources as so much of our work has come through crowd-sourced collaboration already. If, for any chance you are an author whose work is listed here and you do not wish it to be listed in our repository, please, let us know.

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AI and the Military: Forever Altering Strategic Stability

Institute for Security and Technology, Center for Global Security Research

SUMMARY

Artificial intelligence has burst upon the national security scene with an intensity to surprise even the most veteran observers of the national policy discourse. The renewed spike of interest is driven in part by popular characterizations of novel AI techniques as revolutionary; by the rapid absorption of nascent AI-based technologies – primarily driven by novel machine learning techniques – into diverse sectors of the global economy; but also by the great power ambitions of America’s competitors and potential adversaries. There are mounting fears that the United States is under-prepared to manage these new challenges, and that it will end up “offset” due to the sheer scale at which adversaries intend to deploy AI. Could AI disrupt and reshape the strategic international balance? Will imbalances and changing perceptions of capabilities undermine the status quo of what is needed to maintain strategic stability between near-peer powers? This paper aims to answer some of these questions and contribute to the growing body of research and analysis surrounding AI and warfare, while calibrating the potential risks and rewards of military applications of AI technologies and determining which issues demand further research and action. The questions and arguments framed by this paper were developed via workshops convened by Technology for Global Security and the Center for Global Security Research (CGSR) in June and September 2018. Based in the California Bay Area, these discussions engaged a diverse mix of public and private sector experts in an exploration of the following roles and consequences of AI in the 21st century security context: Which technologies have potential near-term military applications, and which do not? Of those, which are potentially consequential for strategic stability? How, and why? How could AI alter the fundamental calculus of deterrence? How could AI-assisted military platforms affect regional stability, and what is the connection between regional stability and strategic deterrence? How will global competition in applying AI to military missions affect strategic stability? Should we be concerned about an “AI arms race”? What are the risks of unintended consequences and strategic surprise driven by AI?

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